Compendium of Information on Alternative Onsite Septic System Technology in Massachusetts

This World Wide Web Page is maintained by the Barnstable County Department of Health and the Environment under a grant from The Masssachusetts Department of Environmental Protection 319(b). Click here to link to MADEP Home Page. The mention of any product, contractor, or method within this webpage does not constitute approval or endorsement. This project is part of the County’s Alternative Onsite Septic System Initiave.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Basics of Wastewater Treatment
  3. Recirculating Sand Filters (RSF)
  4. Peat Filter Septic Systems
  5. The Ruck System
  6. Trickling Filters
  7. Aerobic Units
  8. Fixed Activated Sludge Treatment (FAST)
  9. Sequencing Batch Reactors
  10. Composting Toilets
  11. Incinerating Toilets
  12. Graywater and Graywater Disposal Systems
  13. Grease and Oil Restaurant Wastewater
  14. Effluent and Vent Filters
  15. Board of Health Concerns Relative to the Use of Alternative Systems
  16. DEP Approval Process for Alternative Systems
  17. Summary of DEP Permitting and Use Conditions for Various Alternative Technologies